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  • Do stingers affect scapular kinematics in rugby players?

    Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

    Scapular dyskinesis is observed in subjects with pathologic conditions of the shoulder; however, there is limited information about the factors related to scapular dyskinesis among participants in rugby. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence, reliability, and relationships between scapular dyskinesis and variables related to the shoulder in high-school rugby players.

    e years). Survivorship of total elbow arthroplasty was estimated with use of the Kaplan-Meier method.

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  • Total Elbow Arthroplasty in Obese Patients

    Source: The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery


    The prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased in recent decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of obesity in patients undergoing primary total elbow arthroplasty.

    From 1987 to 2006, 723 primary semiconstrained, linked total elbow arthroplasties were performed in 654 patients. The average patient age (and standard deviation) at the time of surgery was 62.3 ± 13.7 years, with 550 total elbow arthroplasties (76%) performed in women. Total elbow arthroplasties were used to treat inflammatory conditions in patients undergoing 378 total elbow arthroplasties (52%) and to treat acute traumatic or posttraumatic conditions in patients undergoing 310 total elbow arthroplasties (43%). Patients were classified as non-obese (having a body mass index of <30 kg/m2) in 564 total elbow arthroplasties (78%) and as obese (having a body mass index of ≥30 kg/m2) in 159 total elbow arthroplasties (22%). The median duration of follow-up was 5.8 years (range, zero to twenty-five years). Survivorship of total elbow arthroplasty was estimated with use of the Kaplan-Meier method.

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  • What’s New in Orthopaedic Trauma

    Source: The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery

    This update presents a synopsis of the most clinically relevant high-quality studies related to orthopaedic trauma from the past twelve months. Key methods (♦), results (➢), and take-home points (✶) for these studies are presented.

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  • Hand Function in Adults with Radial Longitudinal Deficiency

    Source: The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery


    Functional impairment in individuals with radial longitudinal deficiency can be influenced by several factors, including a short and bowed forearm, radial deviation of the wrist, a non-functional or absent thumb, limited finger motion, and impaired grip strength, but their relationship with activity and participation in adults with radial deficiency is not known.

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  • Lack of Benefit of Physical Therapy on Function Following Supracondylar Humeral Fracture

    Source: The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery

    The goal of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of physical therapy in restoring function and mobility after a pediatric supracondylar humeral fracture.

    The study included sixty-one patients from five to twelve years of age with a supracondylar humeral fracture that was treated with casting or with closed reduction and pinning followed by casting. Patients were randomized to receive either no further treatment (no-PT group) or six sessions of a standardized hospital-based physical therapy program (PT group). The ASK-p (Activities Scale for Kids-performance version) and self-assessments of activity were used to assess function at one, nine, fifteen, and twenty-seven weeks after injury.

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